KINDS OF CHEQUES
The issuer of the cheque would just fill the name of the person to whom the cheque is issued, writes the amount and attacheshis signature and nothing else. This type of issuing a cheque is also called bearer type cheque also known as open cheque or uncrossed cheque. The cheque is negotiable from the date of issue to three months. The issued cheque turns stale afterteh completion of three months. It has to be revalidated before presenting to the bank.
- Bearer cheque: Same as Open Cheque
- Crossed cheque: It is written in the same as that of bearer cheque but issuer specifically specifies it as account payee on the left hand top corner or simply crosses it twice with two paralled lines on the right hand top corner. The bearer of the cheque presenting it to the bank should have an account in the branch to which the written sum is deposited. It is safest type of cheques.
- Account Payee cheque: Same as Crossed Cheque
- Self cheque: A self cheque is written by the account holder as pay self to receive the money in the physical form from the brach where he holds his account.
- Pay yourself cheque: The account holder issues this type of crossed cheque to the bank asking the bank to deduct money from his account into bank’s own account for the purpose of buying banking products like drafts, pay orders, fixed deposit receipts or for depositing money into other accounts held by him like recurring deposits and loan accounts.
- Post dated cheque: A PDC is a form of a crossed or account payee bearer cheque but post dated to meet the said financial obligation at a future date.
- Local cheque: A local cheque is a type of cheque which is valid in the given city and a given branch in which the issuer has an account and to which it is connected. The producer of the cheque in whose name it is issued can directly go to the designated bank and receive teh money in the physical form. If a given city’s local cheque is presented elsewhere it shall attract some fixed banking charges. Although these type of cheques are still prevalent, especially with nationalised banks. It is slowly stated to be removed with at par cheque type.
- At par cheque: With the computerisation and networking of bank branches with its head quarters, a variation to the local cheque has become common place in the name of at par cheque. At par cheque is a cheque which is accepted at par at all its branches across the country. Unlike local cheque it can bepresented across the country without attracting additional banking charges.
- Banker’s cheque: It is a kind of cheque issuedby the bank itself connected to its own funds. It is a kind of assurance given by the issuer to the client to alley your fears. The personal account connected cheques may bounce for want of funds in his account. To avoid such hurdles, sometimes, the receiver seeks banker’s cheque.
- Traveller’s cheque: They are a kind of an open type bearer cheque issued by the bank which can be used by the user for withdrawal of money while touring. It is equivalent to carrying cash but in a safe form without fear of losing it.
- Gift cheque: This is another banking instrument introduced for gifting money to the loved ones instead of hard cash